Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Changing Views - Free Essay Example

Obsessive compulsive disorder is a common personality disorder characterized by obsessive thoughts and outward behaviors used to reduce anxiety or stress caused by these intrusive thoughts and feelings (Deepthi et. al 2018). OCD occurs on a spectrum from mild to severe, with moderate to severe cases experiencing a decline in their adaptability to daily life and efficiency at performing even basic tasks, due to their need to perform obsessive actions. These actions can be hand washing, folding clothing, turning lights off and on, hoarding, or an obsession with performing a task a particular number of times or any other physical action (Hoffner Cohen 2017). Obsessive thoughts can be a preoccupation with cleanliness, religiosity or a feeling of impending doom if the particular task is not carried out (Deepthi 2018). Even with the lessening of mental health disorder stigma, people with conditions like OCD are often regarded as burdensome, frightening or even comedic. This view devalues patients with OCD as people and helps lead to further shame and impediment of treatment. OCD Prevalence OCD can affect people of all ages. Studies suggest it is more common in younger adults with onset occurring in early twenties. However, there are cases of pediatric OCD. OCD in children is often misdiagnosed as a developmental disorder, so the prevalence may be more frequent than previously thought. Symptoms become apparent earlier in men than in women by only a couple of years. Overall, it affects 1-1.5% of the general population. This is possibly an underestimation in adults as well because OCD is often misdiagnosed due to patients tendency to feel shame regarding their obsessive thoughts and rituals. It is the fourth most common occurring psychiatric disorder in the United States, with 46% of those being refractory OCD, meaning resistant to treatment. Refractory OCD can impede activities of daily living, making work, school and social interaction nearly impossible (Sayyah Rahim 2018). Diagnosis and Treatment of OCD Diagnosis of Obsessive Compulsive disorder is usually reached after a one on one interview with a therapist using various tools, such as the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. This process can take years sometimes. Early diagnosis of OCD is critical because it usually indicates a better prognosis for treatment (Chacon et al 2018). Traditional models of diagnosis, such as the DSM-IV and the YBOCS, regarded OCD as a one dimensional set of symptoms. Recent study and criticism of this definition have found that OCD is actually a complex personality disorder linked to other comorbidities like anorexia, anxiety, borderline personality disorder and even schizophrenia. This suggests a possible hybrid diagnosis approach with other conditions maybe be a more accurate way to diagnose and define OCD ( Liggett Sellbom 2018). Often times, OCD is misdiagnosed as mental retardation, attention deficit conditions or maladaptive anxiety disorders. The onset of symptoms is often worsened after a particular trauma or stressful situation (Chacon 2018). Combined therapies have shown to be the most effective methods. Because OCD is commonly seen with other anxiety related disorders, anxiety medications are used to treat the condition. Generally an SSRI is used in conjunction with therapy like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. In cases where psychosis related behaviors are also treated with antipsychotics, although this is less common. When CBT was initiated as soon as pharmalogical measures were started, patients saw the greatest improvement and the least occurrence of relapse. CBT involves challenging the patients sequence of relating the obsessive action with averting negative consequences and stressing logical thought process. For example, a therapist would encourage the realization that locking the door to a patients house seven times does not affect the likelihood that they will be robbed or experience damage to property. However the majority of patients still only saw a 25% decrease in symptoms, this is not considered an acc eptable level of independent function (Chacon 2018). Continued progress in treatment methods and criteria for early diagnosis is still necessary, especially in those with refractory OCD. Correlating Factors Environmental Studies have shown a strong correlation between certain beliefs, such as religiosity and superstition and compulsive behaviors. This is seen, to a lesser extent, even in the general population. Control groups showed sensory-motor responses to stressors even without the presence of a psychiatric disorder. These physical actions serve as a defense mechanism to lessen anxiety (Olatunji et al 2018). Those with OCD have a harder time regulating the intrusive thoughts associated with stressors and the outward actions linked to those thoughts. This was especially so in religious or cultural groups that emphasizes order, perfectionism and the avoidance of physical intimacy (Olatunji 2018). However, self-reporting was relied on heavily for these studies, leaving room for error or missing data. Participants were asked to report on beliefs, behaviors, social interaction and activities of daily living. They were also asked to respond to specific questions related to beliefs about subject s like cleanliness. (Hirose et al 2017). Biological In an MRI study the thalamus was linked to OCD pathology. When provoked with images linked to contamination or dirtiness, patients with OCD and hand washing behaviors showed decreased activity in the thalamus compared with subjects not diagnosed with OCD. Since the thalamus is linked to sensory and motor function along with communication with the cerebral cortex, there is reason to believe this decrease in thalamus function holds a strong link to obsessive behaviors (Cho et al 2013). Increased actions like hand washing and hoarding were linked to a decreased volume of grey matter and white matter in the brain (Hirose 2017). In another study, MRIs revealed nucleus accumbens dysfunction in patients with OCD. The nucleus accumbens and thalamus are key in the aversion/reward process of brain function (Xie et al 2017). There was also a correlation found between earlier onset of anxiety and depression and the emergence of activity limiting behaviors in OCD patients. This could be due to the way early onset of certain mental disorders are thought to change the development of the brain and its function. Additionally, a high correlation between first degree relatives and OCD has been found, adding to the theory of a possible biological as well as cultural link (Deepthi 2018). Children with siblings with obsessive compulsive symptoms were more likely to exhibit symptoms themselves. However this could be due to similar environmental factors as well as biologic factors, especially in sibling (Chacon 2018). OCD in the Media In 2018 a study was done concerning the portrayal of people with mental disorders in television and movies. Specifically the show Monk and its portrayal of the titular character, a detective with obsessive compulsive disorder was reviewed by actual patients with OCD. The show received mixed feelings about the character and how realistic of a depiction the show provided. Overall 15.9% reported positive evaluations, 27.3% gave negative and 27.3% expressed neutral feelings. This was in a study of 37 participants. In those with a positive response to the show, four participants stated a realistic portrayal of life with a mental disorder. In contrast, half of the participants overall felt that the show was unrealistic concerning daily life with OCD. The majority of those in the study found that the show would at least open doors to public awareness of the condition and leave room for further discussion. What received the most positive feedback was the character himself. Monk is portrayed as intelligent, respected and effective as a detective, despite his OCD behaviors. Viewers felt this could lessen stigma surrounding the disease and mental health disorders as a whole (Hoffner Cohen 2018). As with any physical or mental condition, as studies increase and knowledge grows, treatment gains efficacy and understanding increases. This evolution of the concept of OCD as a mental disorder within the medical community will help to better serve those suffering from this condition. Along with a better clinical grasp, hopefully the public will gain a better view of those with OCD and OCD as a whole. Media portrayals such as Monk and other compassionate representations can serve as a bridge between those with the disorder and those with an outside perspective. While not the most scientifically accurate, the portrayal of those with OCD as human beings with equal value to those who do not experience mental health issues. With increased understanding comes greater compassion and a greater capacity to care for those with OCD and that is the ultimate goal of psychiatric care.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Experience Of Organisational Change Management

In this paper, I am going to critically discuss a few examples of organisational change which I have personally experienced while completing a summer internship in an international logistics and transport company called UAB Transimeksa. The main purpose of this essay is to analyse the experience of organisational change management in relation to applying multiple perspective theories and models which will help critically evaluate and present reasoned arguments of effective change management. In doing so, this paper will be divided into three parts. The first and second part will focus on reviewing my experience of organisational change related to two different themes which are change leadership and organisational culture. The third part of†¦show more content†¦The last style is called laissez-faire leadership. Here leader usually participates minimally and let team members find their own way out by allowing complete freedom in decision making (Simmons and Striley, 2014). On further analysis, I am going to apply Lewin’s behavioural theory of leadership to my experience of organisational change management. For example during an internship in UAB Transimeksa I worked in a transport department. Most of the work was done using computers. Whilst working there, the company had some major changes in their IT systems. Employees were warned about upcoming organisational changes still it was difficult to get used to new IT systems. Transport department was fully under the control of a general manager which I believe was more of a leader. Similarly, to Kotter’s (1990) thoughts on characteristics of a leader, our general manager was always seeking to align his subordinates to his vision. Furthermore, a general manager always tended to â€Å"involve individuals in decision-making and goal setting† (Lewin and Lippitt, 1938; Lewin et al. 1939) which made his style of leadership democratic. In the manner of researchers, democratic leadership is n ot only the most effective style but also â€Å"usually associated with greater levels of subordinate satisfaction† (Dawson and Andriopoulos, 2014). In contrast, I believe that democratic style of leadership in theShow MoreRelatedEffect of Organisational Change777 Words   |  4 Pagesof organisational change Organisational change is usually good for any organisation because it can bring the fresh idea for the organisation. However, it also can be a challenge in any organisation if the strategy is not implemented properly. It will bring either the positive or negative effect to any organisation if use the change. Next we will discuss some advantages and disadvantages that can affect an organization. 6.1 Advantages of organisational change 6.1.1 Improved organisational performanceRead More Organizational Culture Essay1088 Words   |  5 Pages891 ) In many ways organisational culture helps to the organisation to achieve their goal and to formulate strategies and propaganda so that proper and effective decision making process should work in favour of the organisation. The organisation culture directly put effects on organisational policies like structure of the organisation , team behaviour, group psychology, working condition in the organisation , motivating the workers/employees, job satisfaction , organisational values and effectiveRead MoreThe Concept Of Organisational Commitment Essay1622 Words   |  7 Pages1: Introduction: The concept of Organisational commitment has received increased attention in the research literature recently as both managers and organisational analysts seek ways to keep the employees engaged and committed to their organisation. There is, in fact, no single definition of Organisation commitment. Typically, though, the emphasis is on three factors such as (1) total trust in and strong acceptance of the organisation’s objectives, and values, (2) a willingness and personal interestRead MoreEvaluating The Activities And Interventions Development Plan1024 Words   |  5 Pagesinterventions in development plan, if needed. Identify the problems goals to be addressed and what need to be done. Include: †¢ Statement of current organisational development issues †¢ Specific behaviors within the organisation that need to be changed †¢ Improvement progress report should be prepared for the further usage Assess how serious are for the current organisational development: †¢ Direct observations of the problems or goals †¢ Conduct behavioral surveys in the workplace †¢ Interview key stakeholders withinRead MoreOrganisational Climate Essay1531 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿Organisational climate and job satisfaction are separate, but related constructs and both affect the understanding of the working environment and employee level of job satisfaction. Purpose of this essay is to explain the relationship between organisational climate and job satisfaction to determine the perception of the employees working environment influence whether their level of satisfaction. Organisational climate is a relatively enduring quality of the internal environment of an organizationRead MoreThe Impact Of Culture On An Organization1462 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction An organisation’s culture can be described as a collection shared experiences over time, by resolution of problems faced in both an external and internal environment (Schein 1990, p.1100). Although, organisational culture is considered a modern concept, a historical viewpoint is explored, to provide evidence of the long held value of this concept to communities, . Furthermore, the formational factors, processes and drivers that develop culture in an organisation, whether positive orRead MoreManaging Change at Faslane1036 Words   |  5 Pagessaw a change in management responsibilities with certain aspects of it being handed over to Babcock Navel Services (BNS) in 2002 by the Ministry of Defence (MOD) in a bid to reduce the cost, improve operational effectiveness and service standards. To ensure a smooth transition it was necessary to adopt a suitable change management strategy with the help of various levers for change by John Howie. 1.0 Extensive study and analysis on the case reveals that the type of change that tookRead MoreDavid Jones Strategy and Branding1534 Words   |  7 Pagesleadership capabilities and undertakes a re-evaluation of David Jones’ company culture and employee skills to restore organisational stability and a favourable public image. †¨Reinforcing Internal Brand to Restore Image One of Zahra’s primary concerns should be to ameliorate the damage of McInnes’ actions on the integrity of the David Jones brand in the public eye. This is a critical organisational behaviour issue due to the correlation between projected brand image and firm cultural identity (Gioia et alRead MoreProject Management Project Manager Project1011 Words   |  5 Pagesissues. As most projects are new and temporary, so too are the relationships between the project team members and the project manager. As the project progresses, the number of stakeholders in the project may change. The project manager and project team will need to be aware of how this change may affect the dynamics of the project team and the project work. An approach to project human resources may work well in one phase but not in another due to the stakeholders. Problem Statement (including LiteratureRead MoreGlobal Adventures Were Founded In 2001 To Be A Leading1419 Words   |  6 Pagesreport has been prepared to assist the CEO in implementing a programme of change that will enable this. An organisational diagnosis utilising a hybrid model based on Kotter and McKinsey’s diagnostic models (Hayes, 2014) highlighted a lack of strategic focus within Global Adventures. There is little clarity over what the value proposition is and why Global Adventures is a superior offering to their competitors. The organisational structure is reflective of this and the functional groupings do not appear

Monday, May 18, 2020

Communities of Violence Essay - 1676 Words

In David Nirenberg’s narrative monograph, Communities of Violence: Persecution of Minorities in the Middle Ages Nirenberg examines the meaning and function of violence in fourteenth century southern France and in the Crown of Aragon. Nirenberg’s thesis is that violence towards minorities (Jews, Muslims, and lepers) was neither irrational nor a result of intolerance, instead violence towards minorities was contextual and part of the everyday function of society. Nirenberg argues that there is a difference between â€Å"systematic violence† and its function and â€Å"cataclysmic violence.† Nirenberg focuses on how those of the time maintained a society by using everyday violence to enforce boundaries and propel negotiations among minorities.†¦show more content†¦It is especially used to explain the evolution of bigotry towards Jews (the beginning of prejudice towards minorities differs between historians) in Europe that led to the Holocaust. Ni renberg disagrees with Norman Cohn who blames violence against Jews on â€Å"collective beliefs† of those who inflict the violence. Nirenberg does not accept the methods of â€Å"structuralists† like Carlo Ginzburg and Robert Moore. He disagrees with â€Å"isolating† the violence from â€Å"political, economic, and cultural structure within which it occurs.† Nirenberg states that he chose the two â€Å"cataclysmic events† of the Shepherds’ Crusade and the Cowherds’ Crusade because â€Å"they are frequently invoked in support of the circular argument that the steady decline of European tolerance for minorities was mirrored by outbreaks of violence which grew progressively more brutal.† Chapters two through four are used to argue against the teleological method and focuses on rationalization and context of violence. Part two of the monograph is titled, â€Å"Systematic Violence: Power, Sex, and Religion.† Where as part one of the monograph focuses on the context of â€Å"cataclysmic violence,† and refutes irrationalism, part two focuses on the â€Å"systematic violence† that occurred among minority groups. It also shows the relationship between tolerance and violenceShow MoreRelatedViolence and Its Effect on the Community1641 Words   |  7 PagesViolence and its Effect on the Community Charlotte Anderson-Brown Axia College of University of Phoenix Violence and its Effect on the Community Violence in the community has become a major issue. While due to law enforcement agencies, community education and crime watch violence can be circumvented; violence directly and indirectly affects how we live our lives. Let’s us first examine what violence is. Violence is a physical action, which takes place once a person becomes upset to aRead MoreThe Violence Of African American Communities953 Words   |  4 PagesAfrican-American communities and their issues with gang violence, government assistance, and the lack of jobs in their communities it is clear to say that the American Dream or even a moderate lifestyle was not created for all African Americans and Minorities and since we found a way to be noticed, heard, and felt like they’re rightfully a part of something America wants to now label it â€Å"war or Drugs† and â€Å"gang Violence† thus creating Gang Injunctions in those predominantly of color communities. Now I amRead MoreThe Violence De velopment Of A Phantom Community1308 Words   |  6 Pagesare created by way of a socializing process that included a strong influence of a phantom community. It was a four stage experiential process that he termed violentization. The progression of stages is: 1) brutalization, 2) belligerency, 3) violent performance and 4) virulency, and individuals have to go through the attendant social experiences in one stage before they can enter the next higher stage of violence development. The following outline provides some of the factors and explanations associatedRead MoreScope Of Community Violence Among Children1502 Words   |  7 PagesScope of Community Violence among children in the United States Community violence refers to a wide variety of events such as: terrorism, riots, gang wars, mass shootings, bombings, drive-by shootings, murders, kidnappings, drug dealing, robberies, domestic violence, abuse, harassments, and others (Finkelhor, Turner, Ormrod, Hamby, Kracke, 2009; Hamlen Goguen, 2016). Every country in the world experiences some violence. However, the United States has been described as the â€Å"most violent countryRead MoreThe Impact Of Community Violence On Children And Youth900 Words   |  4 PagesChallenges, Coping Strategies, and Support Needs of Teachers in Middle Schools Located in Violent Communities Maring, E. F., Koblinsky, S. A. (2013). Teachers challenges, strategies, and support needs in schools affected by community violence: A qualitative study. Journal Of School Health, 83 (6), 379-388 Author/Title: Research Problem/Issue: Numerous studies examine the impact of community violence on children and youth; however, very little literature examines the influence it has on teachersRead MoreThe Community Problem of Gangs and Related Violence1049 Words   |  4 PagesThe community problem of gangs and related violence is prevalent all over the United States. Young people join gangs for a variety of reasons. Some may feel isolated from their general school or social communities and search out the connections and community affiliation offered by gangs. Others are seduced by the importance attached to generally laudable qualities like loyalty and honor. In a gang setup, however, these are generally proven by violent or criminal activities. Some young people couldRead MoreDomestic Violence Within The Asian Community2203 Words   |  9 PagesDomestic violence within the Asian community in Auckland, New Zealand, is a very serious social epidemic and needs to be recognized as abusive and a cr ime. It is a variety of behaviors operated by partners, family members, or within other close relationships. It includes physical abuse, sexual abuse and psychological abuse, which includes harassment, bullying, threatening, and allowing or causing the child to see any of the abuse done to a person. It robs women of their human rights, it takes awayRead MoreDomestic Violence And Building A Community Free Of Abuse1711 Words   |  7 PagesFriends, is a nonprofit agency dedicated to breaking the cycle of domestic violence and building a community free of abuse. In 1986, Between Friends was founded by volunteers from the National Council of Jewish Women and the North Shore Junior League of Evanston as a small grant making body dedicated to raising funds for local domestic violence programs. The clear disparity between the growing numbers of domestic violence victims needing help and the limited programs available to assist them promptedRead MoreThe Occurrence of Domestic Violence in the Gay and Lesbian Communities1440 Words   |  6 PagesDomestic violence, also referred to as intimate partner violence, intimate partner abuse or domestic abuse, affects over one million people in the United States alone. It can be carried out in any number of ways including physically, emotionally, sexually, psychologically and/or financially. Its legal definition considers it to be â€Å"any assault, battery, sexual assault, sexual battery, or any criminal offense resulting in physically injury or death of one family member or household member by anotherRead MoreSexual Minority Communities And Hate Motivated Violence1021 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction There is a correlation between culture and crime specifically with sexual minority communities and hate motivated violence. Hate-motivated violence refers to an act of violence that is motivated by bias or prejudice (Grattet, 2009). Reasons for bias crimes occurring include that these criminal offenses tend to occur in communities with high levels of social disorganization, they occur as a defense against neighborhood in-migration of ethnic others†, and neighborhoods with concentrated

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

`` The Lottery `` By Shirley Jackson - 894 Words

According to Philip Zimbardo the author of The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil, he says â€Å"Good people can be induced, seduced, and initiated into behaving in evil ways. They can also be led to act in irrational, stupid, self-destructive, antisocial, and mindless ways when they are immersed in total situations that impact human nature in ways that challenge our sense of the stability and consistency of individual personality, of character, and of morality† (Philip). In the short story â€Å"The Lottery†, author Shirley Jackson demonstrates Zimbardo’s concepts in three different areas: Authority figures, Tradition and Superstition, and Loyalty. The first concept Jackson portrays in â€Å"The Lottery† is the authority figures. Jackson indicates that the lottery is being held in the town center by one authority figure, Mr. Summers, annually on June 27th. Every June 27th, without fail, townspeople gather in the town square to participate in the annually lottery even though most of them cannot recall nor question the origin of this event, and none bother to question if it is conducted fairly. Mr. Summers not only conducts the lottery as keeper of the black box, where he makes up the name slips, but is also the only authority figure who marks a black spot on the name slip that sends a person to death by stone. Jackson never discusses how Mr. Summers obtained such power over the town; but everyone in town unquestioningly complies with Mr. Summers’s orders. InShow MoreRelatedThe Lottery, By Shirley Jackson1195 Words   |  5 PagesOn the surface, Shirley Jackson’s short story, â€Å"The Lottery,† reads as a work of horror. There is a village that holds an annual lottery where the winner is stoned to death so the village and its people could prosper. Some underlying themes include: the idea that faith and tradition are often followed blindly, and those who veer away from tradition are met with punishment, as well as the idea of a herd mentality and bystander apathy. What the author manages to do successfully is that she actuallyRead MoreThe Lottery by Shirley Jackson757 Words   |  4 Pagessucceed but many fail just like the main character Tessie Hutchinson in Shirley Jackson’s short story â€Å"The Lottery†. When someone hears the word â€Å"lottery†, he or she may think that someone will be rewarded with prize. But â€Å"The Lottery† By Shirley Jackson is different than what one thinks. In the story, a lottery is going to be conducted not like Mega Million or Powerball one play here. In the story, the person who wins the lottery is stoned to death i nstead of being rewarded with the prize. TessieRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson931 Words   |  4 PagesIn 1948 Shirley Jackson composed the controversial short story â€Å"The Lottery.† Generally speaking, a title such as â€Å"The Lottery† is usually affiliated with an optimistic outlook. However, Jackson’s approach is quite unorthodox and will surely leave readers contemplating the intent of her content. The story exposes a crude, senseless lottery system in which random villagers are murdered amongst their peers. Essentially, the lottery system counteracts as a form of population control, but negatives easilyRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson1504 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson In The Lottery Shirley Jackson fills her story with many literary elements to mask the evil. The story demonstrates how it is in human nature to blindly follow traditions. Even though some people have no idea why they follow these traditions. The title of the story plays a role in how Shirley Jackson used some literary elements to help mask the evils and develop the story. The title â€Å"The Lottery† serves as an allegory. When people think of the lottery majorityRead MoreThe Lottery, By Shirley Jackson1510 Words   |  7 PagesShirley Jackson’s â€Å"The Lottery† illustrates several aspects of the darker side of human nature. The townspeople in Jackson’s â€Å"The Lottery† unquestioningly adhere to a tradition which seems to have lost its relevance in their lives. The ritual that is the lottery shows how easily and willingly people will give up their free will and suspend their consciences to conform to tradition and people in authority. The same mindless complacency and obedience shown by the villagers in Jackson’s story are seenRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson811 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The Lottery† was published by Shirley Jackson. The story was true e xpression of Jackson’s genuine thoughts about human beings and their heinous competence in an annual village event for corn harvest . First, her used to word symbolized main point of the story. Second, Jackson was inspired by few historical events happened in the past and a life incident in her life. Lastly, She was able to accomplish the connection between historical and biographical with the story. Therefore, Shirley Jackson’sRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson934 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson signifies the physical connection between the villagers and their unwillingness to give up their tradition. â€Å"The Lottery† is very unpredictable and quite misleading. The black box has no functionality, except every June 27th. Shirley Jackson depicts the black box as an important and traditional tool. Although the villagers in â€Å"The Lottery† are terrified of the goal of the lottery and the black box, they are unwilling to let go of the tradition. Shirley Jackson portraysRead MoreThe Lottery by Shirley Jackson799 Words   |  4 Pagesthe mood and to foreshadow of things to come. The Lottery by Shirley Jackson is a story in which the setting sets up the reader to think of positive outcomes. However, this description of the setting foreshadows exactly the opposite of what is to come. In addition, the theme that we learn of at the end leads us to think of where the sanity of some human beings lies. The story begins with the establishment of the setting. To begin, Shirley Jackson tells the reader what time of day and what time ofRead MoreThe Lottery by Shirley Jackson1764 Words   |  7 Pagesfilled with excitement and eeriness, leaving the reader speechless. The Lottery , a short story written by famous writer Shirley Jackson, created an uproar on June 26, 1948, when it was published in the magazine The New Yorker (Ball). The gothic thriller, set in an unknown time and place, shares the tradition of a small town, a little larger than three hundred people, in which a drawing is held once a year. In this â€Å"Lottery,† each family’s husband draws a slip of paper from a black box. The husbandRead MoreThe Lottery By Shirley Jackson1391 Words   |  6 PagesMarina Grishechkina Professor Abbott English 126 April 6, 2016 â€Å"The Lottery† by Shirley Jackson â€Å"The Lottery† introduces the reader to a cruel ritual of the village where people gather together to participate in the annual elimination of a random villager. Superficially friendly mood in the town at the beginning of the story was replaced by hostile and violent human behavior at the end. Warm and sunny summer morning did

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Problems With The 21st Century Education System

All around the world, people are trying to better education. New national standards are placed and standardized tests are becoming more difficult. As a current student in high school, with twelve years of an education background in the modern day school, I believe there are many problems with the 21st century education system. Two problems being, creativity is not fostered in schools and the most important thing to students is their GPA. Imagine living in a world, where creativity does not exist. Due to the fact that creativity and imagination are not encouraged in schools, a world with no creativity may someday, exist. Imagine taking a new medicine, but finding out the pharmacist who made it, cheated their way through pharmacy school. This also, may one day be true, if schools do not decrease their emphasis on grades, so that students may actually learn the material instead of cheating, just so they can get a good grade. Due to these two problems, the education system is currently i nsufficient in providing students with a well-rounded education that they can utilize in the workplace. In United States schools, creativity is not fostered. This is due to art classes being cut and a lack of imagination in classrooms. By not encouraging imagination in school, kids do not have a way to express themselves or show how unique they are. Charles Dickens uses satire in Hard Times, to show how the lack of imagination negatively affects children. â€Å"He seemed a kind of cannon loaded toShow MoreRelatedThe Program For International Student Assessment1193 Words   |  5 Pagesaction to improve its science and technology education, President Obama recognized that our education system must be improved. In 1957 the Soviet Union became the first nation to launch the world’s first satellite into orbit. Prior to the launch of Sputnik, the United States was complacent in its â€Å"number one† mentality—the Sputnik launch shattered that we were lagging behind the USSR in science and technology. Fast forward to the current state of education in the United Sta te; the PISA report wasRead MoreThe Nature Of Teaching And Learning1682 Words   |  7 Pagesconsidered necessary for life, study and work in the 21st Century. This report builds on that foundation by examining how to assess 21st century competencies. The Queensland Curriculum’s Assessment Authority (QCAA) recommendation 18 states that in its specified assessments processes a greater focus on skills and attributes now being identified in senior secondary curricula as essential to life and work in the 21st Century (for example, teamwork, problem solving, creativity, verbal communication). ThereforeRead MoreThe Importance Of Competencies For The 21st Century981 Words   |  4 Pages21st Century Skills The importance of competencies for the 21st century has led to fundamental questions about to what extent we provide the necessary knowledge base for children and youth to be competent in contemporary and future societies (Voogt et al., 2013). It is obvious that not only learners, but also teachers need to acquire 21st century competencies as well as become competent in supporting 21st century learning. Teachers need to be prepared for new pedagogical approaches that fit theRead MoreCritical Thinking And Problem Solving Skills1648 Words   |  7 PagesCritical thinking and problem solving skills have epitomised education throughout history. As time has passed; the education system has become increasingly complex with the integration of learning theories, pedagogies, transformative learning spaces, behavioural management and most importantly; the evolution and role of technology. Learners within the 21st Century are experiencing an education where they are taught to collaboratively communicate and construct new understandings, while acquiring higherRead MoreTeaching And Learning Of The 21st Century1098 Words   |  5 Pages Teaching and learning in the 21st century Introduction Things are changing in this modern society at an epidemic rate. The world is starting to become much more interconnected and technology is constantly changing the world. We now live in an increasingly different, globalized, and complicated media saturated culture. So this Technological overthrow will have a greater change in education. Our students are facing many difficulties like increased population, climate changeRead MoreWhy Science Is Essential For Students1678 Words   |  7 Pagesessential for students to be effective citizens in the 21st century. This essay will show the reader why science is essential for students to become effective citizens in the 21st Century. It will explore the meanings behind the words â€Å"21st century learning† and what it means to be an effective citizen. It will explain why science more so than ever before is an integral part of the primary school curriculum. 21st Century Learning â€Å" Twenty-first century teaching and learning is presumed to focus on theRead MoreTeaching Stem : 21st Century Skills1744 Words   |  7 PagesThe second text that was evaluated for this paper is entitled, â€Å"Teaching STEM: 21st Century Skills†, written by Virginia Jones. This article spends a lot of time talking about how 21st Century Skills can make schooling better for our children. This is done by going through and presenting each aspect of these skills with a brief explanation of what implementing them would do to positively influence the education of our students. It talks about how this change must begin in elementary school and challengesRead MoreTechnology Is A Tool For Aid For Learning And Education1726 Words   |  7 Pagesaid in learning and education. There is a realization that the current educational system is falling behind in the modern world. With today’s technology-driven and interconnected world, a learning environment can be online, remote , virtual; in other words, it doesn’t really have to be a place at all. Maybe a better way of thinking is that, a 21st century learning environment is a support system in which humans learn best. Since we can’t predict how technologies and education will evolve, the environmentRead MoreClassroom Is Not The Classroom Of Yesterday1050 Words   |  5 Pagestechnology needs to account for the unique needs of all of our students and opportunities to make lessons more accessible to all learners. Technology can also provide multiple opportunities for feedback and assessment, which should be grounded in education as a process of life-long learning. Integrating technology across the curriculum is the new direction and should be grounded in the discussion on essential skills and key learning competencies. To understand the need for integration, one can lookRead MoreSocial Change And The 21st Century Classroom1464 Words   |  6 PagesWhile 21st Century learning and teaching i s always changing, it is as dynamic as the world around us. There are many factors including globalisation, social change and technology, which are driving changes in education, with a variety of positive and negative impacts on teaching and learning in the 21st Century. With ongoing changes in teaching practices, which in turn changes the attitudes of today’s teachers and learners. A 21st century classroom is a productive environment where the teachers are

Perception and Decision-Making Dave Armstrong Free Essays

Throne, ND develop a rail terminal and use it to ship truck trailers into and out of Texas. This will connect Dallas and Houston and potentially draw business from both cities. This business requires $1 million. We will write a custom essay sample on Perception and Decision-Making: Dave Armstrong or any similar topic only for you Order Now Armstrong would put $200-KICK and Throne would put the rest of the money. Armstrong would be paid a salary and bonuses of SYS-ASK and share profits with Throne. This option is the most exciting for Armstrong as is has the potential to be the most rewarding but also has the highest risk. Although Armstrong is sighting the fact that the business might not work at all and he can loss the money invested, he would show overconfidence choosing this job option, and a selective perception, by not considering his past relationship with Throne to asses the outcome of this future business. Armstrong worked for Throne in the past and the company they worked in turned to be unsuccessful. This would also be an impulsive decision by Armstrong, as he would be spending all of his savings without having a backup if the business fails. At the same mime, this might be the best choice for Armstrong, as it is the position he is the most excited about, and might turn out to self fulfill itself as Armstrong shows his belief and enthusiasm. The second job option is to work with Robert Irwin, a person Armstrong had the chance to work with in his current job. Irwin and Armstrong would set up a company that would seek out producing oil leases that might be for sale. Armstrong will put KICK for the investment. He will get a yearly compensation of $ASK or one third of the profits. How to cite Perception and Decision-Making: Dave Armstrong, Papers

Australian Fast Food Sellers-Free-Samples-Myassignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the strengths of local Australian fast food sellers. Answer: Background: The aim of the study is contribute to the literature which goes into finding out the strengths of local Australian fast food sellers. It takes the fast food seller Burger Time 69 as the base of the study. The first section elaborates in the factors which have led to the growth of fast food market in Australia. The next two sections elaborately discuss the variable factors and health issues of consuming fast food. The next section tells the readers about the prevailing indifference among the Australians about the health and their growing love for them. The last two sections deal with threats to local fast food manufacturers face from international players and the challenges which the latter face internationally. A section discussing the threats and difficulties Burger Time 69 faces from local market has been added to enrich the assignment. Critical success factors: The success of the fast food industry is its power to cater to the needs of the fast food lovers with a variety of fast food items. The critical success factors of Burger Time 69 are its ability to provide a variety of fast food items at reasonably low prices. These two factors namely variety and prices have led to the immense success of Burger Time 69 in spite of stiff competition from fast food giants like Starbucks and KFC. Burger Time 69 is a late night fast food seller in Australia and offers a wide variety of food items like items made from chicken, ham, pork, vegetables and also offers milk shakes. The fast food chain is also present on Zomato where the customers can place orders (zomato.com 2017). The newest success factor of the chain is its online presence and order accepting capacity. The study shows that the unique selling proposition of Burger Time 69 is its capability of offering a variety of food items at low cost (Garcia et al. 2014). The company has withdrawn from gourmand and gourmet which is a food ordering portal headquartered in Brisbane, Australia (Gourmand Gourmet 2017). It can also be pointed out that the fast food seller is present on Zomato which is an international food ordering portal and shows details about restaurants including items and their prices. Hence, the fast food seller can receive orders online which help it to receive hundreds of orders and cater to several fast food lovers at the same time. Variable: The independent variable of the research is the power of the firm to offer traditional pizza. It can also be added that Burger Time 69 offers a wide range of food items like Chicken Chin Chin, Philly Cheese Stalk and Zues Burger. The fast food seller offers items made from ham, chicken, pork, vegetables and a variety of spices. It also offers products like beef pattie, mac n cheese and haloumi which act as add ons to the main stream food items. Thus, the variable product of the restaurant consists both of main food items and a platter of complementary food offering to make the main food offerings more enjoyable. The fast food chain is capable to creating customer satisfaction which has helped it to sustain and compete with international players like KFC and Starbucks. Threats for health issues: Burger Time 69 being a fast food seller faces criticisms due to calories and health issues just like its international counterparts. The small restaurants are finding it tough to exist in the face of pressure to provide healthy food. It must also be pointed out that the international fast food giants like KFC also face similar criticisms(De Vogli, Kouvonen and Gimeno 2014). The food products of the multinational brand are unhealthy as they contain high levels of sodium and oil. The unhealthy products are detrimental to health and affect the organ systems like reproductive system (Uk.blastingnews.com 2017). Prevailing indifference among the Australians about health: Fast food items like burger and pizzas taste great but their impact on health is often underestimated. The growing prevalence of fast food in the global food chain is resulting in the increase in obesity and other physical problems (Monteiro et al. 2013). The people, especially the middle income group overlook this fatal impact of fast food and indulge in easily available and food items. These high processed fast food items are also rapidly dominating the richer class. The consumers often underestimate that the consumption of fast food alters the entire eating and drinking habits of individuals. The people of Australia love fast and are indifferent to its ill effects as proven by the studies. Australians love fast food in spite of reporting food poisoning occasionally (Pollard et al. 2014). It can be pointed out that researches show that Australians exhibit lesser interest in cooking and overlook the relationship between health and diet (Thaichon and Quach 2016). They are more interested in take away fast food which takes less time. These factors have resulted in the plummeting of demand of fast food which has led to the growth of local fast food joints like Burger Time 69 (Thaichon and Quach 2016). This indifference among the Australians about impact of fast food on health also helps the fast food businesses thrive. The competition from international players: Data claims that the international fast food giants are thriving while the local fast food businesses are shrinking. According to an article, the Australians are increasing their fast food consumption which means that fast food business has a great future (BBC News 2017). This has attracted the international players like KFC and Starbucks to the profitable markets of Australia. These international fast food chains give stiff competition to the local fast food makers like Burger Time 69. However, as the demand is pretty high and on increase, Burger King sustains in the Australian market due to increasing popularity of fast food in Australia. The fast food makers offer a variety of items at reasonable prices which make to affordable to a large number of customers. For example, McDonalds offer the items at about same rate as the local junk food outlets. This power of the international junk food sellers to offer items at same price as the local ones pose stiff challenge to the latter. Ho wever, both the international and the local fast food businesses thrive owing to the growing market and demand (Fast Food Menu Prices 2017). The study was tough because it covers a wide area and required collection of several types of data. The study elaborately speaks about the positive aspect about the fast food joints and but to stay silent on the negative aspects except the statement that the food is unhealthy. Threats from local competitors and difficulties: Burger Time 69 sells a great variety of fast food items which finds a large number of buyers. The local brand sustains on its reputation of offering tasty fast food items at reasonable prices. It faces competition and difficulties from various factors, some of which are beyond its controls. Local competition: Burger Time 69 faces a stiff competition from local restaurants which offer food at similar rates. There are several restaurants like Greaser, the Wickman and other local food chains which offer Burger Time 69 a stiff competition for market. Many of its competitors are present on online food ordering websites who accept offers online. This similar marketing strategy adopted by local competitors has made the competition for sustenance very stiff. Difficulties: As pointed out before, Burger Time 69 faces a lot of criticism from health authorities, media and consumer forums. The Parliament of Australia points out that fast food is responsible for health problems among the children and is the cause of one of the biggest physical problems of children, obesity. The article state that a majority of the people hold the advertising and promotional activities undertaken by the fast food sellers are responsible for this. The children and their parents are easily attracted towards these advertisements which encourage them to consume fast food. It can be opined that such a publication from none other than the Parliament of Australia can make marketing and selling of fast food more difficult for fast food sellers like Burger Time 69(Aph.gov.au 2017). The second difficulty Burger Time 69 faces is competition from healthy food backed by the Commonwealth Government. The government is thinking over imposing a tax on fast food to make it as costly as healthy food. The health associations view this as an initiative to change the lifestyle of people towards healthier one. There are also views against the taxation which opines that the taxes would hit the local fast food business because they would lead to cost of raw materials are well. The increase in cost of junk food may people opt for similar priced healthy food. This will surely impact the local fast food sellers like Burger Time 69 whose business area is limited (Lewis 2017). Challenges faced by the fast food chains internationally: The international food chains like KFC and McDonalds face a lot of challenges while operating internationally. A study shows that the international food giant McDonalds face challenges as the customers prefer organic food items like organic kale to the unhealthy fried food offered by the fast food chain. The fast food chain has to face criticisms and protests to raise the minimum wages. The company also faced political and legal intervention from the US Labour body. The body has commanded the fast food giant to be responsible for the treatment of the employees of its franchisees as well. The direction includes the entire network of franchisees owned by McDonalds around the world. This analysis shows that the multinational food chains are growing but have to face several types of legal, political, economical and social challenges in all their markets (Ft.com 2017). Thus, the invention of political, economic and social bodies like governments and labour unions impact the operations of the fast food industry internationally. Conclusion: The discussion shows that the fast food market in Australian is growing due to the love for junk food among the people. The fast food items are harmful to the health of consumers due to their excessive salts and spice content. The fast food consumers, particularly the Australians often underestimate the damage fast food does to their health and gorge on them owing to their irresistible tastes and affordable prices. The local fast food sellers like Burger Time 69 face stiff competition from international players like KFC and McDonalds. The growing market of fast food however gives space for both to survive. The international fast food giants face challenges like labour problems while operating in the international market. They too face health issue related criticisms like their local counterparts. References: Aph.gov.au. 2017. Marketing obesity? Junk food, advertising and kids Parliament of Australia. [online] Available at: https://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/rp/rp1011/11rp09 [Accessed 19 Jun. 2017]. BBC News. 2017. Australians eating too much junk food, report finds - BBC News. [online] Available at: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-33843857 [Accessed 13 Jun. 2017]. De Vogli, R., Kouvonen, A. and Gimeno, D., 2014. The influence of market deregulation on fast food consumption and body mass index: a cross-national time series analysis.Bulletin of the World Health Organization,92(2), pp.99-107A. Fast Food Menu Prices. 2017. McDonalds Prices - Fast Food Menu Prices. [online] Available at: https://www.fastfoodmenuprices.com/mcdonalds-prices/ [Accessed 13 Jun. 2017]. Ft.com. 2017. McDonalds and its challenges worldwide: a market-by-market look. [online] Available at: https://www.ft.com/content/f8ac22fc-a7c1-11e4-8e78-00144feab7de [Accessed 13 Jun. 2017]. Garcia, J., Dunford, E.K., Sundstrom, J. and Neal, B.C., 2014. Changes in the sodium content of leading Australian fast-food products between 2009 and 2012.Med J Aust,200(6), pp.340-4. Gourmand Gourmet. 2017. Home | Gourmand Gourmet. [online] Available at: https://www.gourmandandgourmet.com.au/ [Accessed 13 Jun. 2017]. Hwang, J. and Ok, C., 2013. The antecedents and consequence of consumer attitudes toward restaurant brands: A comparative study between casual and fine dining restaurants.International Journal of Hospitality Management,32, pp.121-131. Monteiro, C.A., Moubarac, J.C., Cannon, G., Ng, S.W. and Popkin, B., 2013. Ultra?processed products are becoming dominant in the global food system.Obesity reviews,14(S2), pp.21-28. Pollard, C.M., Meng, X., Williamson, S., Dodds, J. and Binns, C.W., 2014. Eating out is associated with self-reported food poisoning: a Western Australia population perspective, 1998 to 2009.Public health nutrition,17(10), pp.2270-2277. Thaichon, P. and Quach, T.N., 2016. Online marketing communications and childhood's intention to consume unhealthy food.Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ),24(1), pp.79-86. Thaichon, P. and Quach, T.N., 2016. Online marketing communications and childhood's intention to consume unhealthy food.Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ),24(1), pp.79-86. Uk.blastingnews.com. 2017. Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://uk.blastingnews.com/health/2016/09/is-kfc-bad-for-your-health-what-researchers-say-001100237.html [Accessed 13 Jun. 2017]. zomato.com. 2017. Burger Time 69. [online] Available at: https://www.zomato.com/brisbane/burger-time-69-bulimba/menu#tabtop [Accessed 13 Jun. 2017].